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Autonomy and Responsibility in Reproductive Genetics

  1. Sirkku K Hellsten

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005898.pub2

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Hellsten, S. K. 2009. Autonomy and Responsibility in Reproductive Genetics. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. The University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

Abstract

The principle of respecting individual autonomy has traditionally been the most powerful of the four conventional principles of Western bioethics (the others being beneficence, benevolence and justice). It is rarely trumped by other ethical considerations such as an individual's personal responsibility, collective duties or even by the utilitarian maximization of the overall happiness or utility of a society. The new biotechnology has set the concept of autonomy in a new context challenging our traditional views on rights, responsibilities and humanity as a whole.

Key concepts

  • The concept of autonomy is one of the main conventional principles in bioethics.

  • The new scientific developments challenge our traditional views on autonomy, rights and responsibilities.

  • The concept of humanity is challenged by the new biotechnology.

  • Bioethics studies provide normative guidelines which sometimes appear value neutral.

  • Negative and positive rights are both central in policy considerations related to the development and use of new biotechnology.

Keywords:

  • autonomy;
  • responsibility;
  • reproductive genetics;
  • rights;
  • duties