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γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Receptors

  1. Shelley J Russek

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005907

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Russek, S. J. 2006. γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Receptors. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

Abstract

γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most widely distributed inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system of adult vertebrates. Virtually all neurons are sensitive to GABA through its actions on either the diverse set of ionotropic type A receptors (GABAARs), the putative heterodimeric metabotropic type B receptors (GABABRs) or the ionotropic retina-enriched type C receptors (GABACRs).

Keywords:

  • neurotransmitter receptor;
  • ancestral gene clusters;
  • anxiety;
  • epilepsy;
  • neurotransmission