Mitochondrial Origins of Human Nuclear Genes and DNA Sequences
Published Online: 21 DEC 2007
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Martin, W. F. 2007. Mitochondrial Origins of Human Nuclear Genes and DNA Sequences. eLS. .
- Published Online: 21 DEC 2007
The human genome contains approximately 300 segments of mitochondrial DNA greater than 100 bp in length that were integrated during evolutionarily recent time into the nuclear chromosomes. The total number of genes encoding functional proteins in the human genome that ultimately stem from the ancestral mitochondrial genome is currently unknown, but it probably comprises a very substantial fraction of the genome.
- gene transfer;