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Dosage Compensation Mechanisms: Evolution

  1. Ignacio Marín

Published Online: 14 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0006128.pub2

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Marín, I. 2008. Dosage Compensation Mechanisms: Evolution. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia, (CSIC), Valencia, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAR 2008

Abstract

Degeneration of sex-limited chromosomes favours the emergence of dosage compensation mechanisms able to equalize in both sexes the amount of products derived from sex-linked genes. These mechanisms are understood in detail in the fly Drosophila melanogaster, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and in eutherian mammals. The three systems, biochemically and evolutionarily unrelated, share a common logic.

Keywords:

  • chromosome degeneration;
  • sex chromosomes;
  • chromatin;
  • transcription regulation;
  • evolution