Roma (Gypsies): Genetic Studies
Published Online: 30 APR 2008
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Morar, B. and Kalaydjieva, L. 2008. Roma (Gypsies): Genetic Studies. eLS. .
- Published Online: 30 APR 2008
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The Roma, also known as Gypsies, are a transnational founder population, resembling a mosaic of socially and genetically divergent groups. Common origins from a small group of related founders result in sharing of maternal and paternal lineages and of ancient disease-causing mutations across endogamous Romani groups in different countries. Genetic differentiation between groups, with an impact on genetic epidemiology, is the product of bottleneck events, random genetic drift and differential admixture, and correlates with the migrational history of the Roma in Europe.
- Roma (Gypsies);
- founder populations;
- genetic structure;
- single-gene disorders