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Roma (Gypsies): Genetic Studies

  1. Bharti Morar,
  2. Luba Kalaydjieva

Published Online: 30 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0006239.pub2

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Morar, B. and Kalaydjieva, L. 2008. Roma (Gypsies): Genetic Studies. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 APR 2008

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 APR 2013)

Abstract

The Roma, also known as Gypsies, are a transnational founder population, resembling a mosaic of socially and genetically divergent groups. Common origins from a small group of related founders result in sharing of maternal and paternal lineages and of ancient disease-causing mutations across endogamous Romani groups in different countries. Genetic differentiation between groups, with an impact on genetic epidemiology, is the product of bottleneck events, random genetic drift and differential admixture, and correlates with the migrational history of the Roma in Europe.

Keywords:

  • Roma (Gypsies);
  • founder populations;
  • origins;
  • genetic structure;
  • single-gene disorders