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Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy

  1. Ali A Baaj,
  2. Selim R Benbadis,
  3. Fernando L Vale

Published Online: 15 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0020285



How to Cite

Baaj, A. A., Benbadis, S. R. and Vale, F. L. 2009. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2009

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 OCT 2014)


Epilepsy refractory to medical management continues to pose a problem to clinicians. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a safe and effective treatment for patients with refractory epilepsy who are not surgical candidates. Although the mechanism is still poorly understood, several clinical trials have demonstrated its efficacy and safety. VNS has become the most widely used nonpharmacological therapy for the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy.


  • vagus nerve stimulation;
  • refractory epilepsy