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Comparing the Human and Chimpanzee Genomes

  1. Monica Uddin,
  2. Derek E Wildman,
  3. Morris Goodman

Published Online: 15 JUL 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0020743



How to Cite

Uddin, M., Wildman, D. E. and Goodman, M. 2008. Comparing the Human and Chimpanzee Genomes. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2008


The idea that chimpanzees share a close relationship with humans extends as far back as the early nineteenth century. However, only during the last 50 years has mounting genetic evidence demonstrated that chimpanzees are more closely related to humans than to gorillas or other apes. Whole-genome sequences now available for both human and common chimpanzee confirm their close genetic relationship, whereas also identifying differences that may have contributed to the emergence of species-specific phenotypes. To better understand the potential phenotypic significance of these differences, additional comparative genomic data from other primate, mammalian and vertebrate taxa are required.


  • phylogeny;
  • Pongidae;
  • Hominidae;
  • phenotype;
  • Homo (Pan)