The Sequencing of the Rhesus Macaque Genome and its Comparison with the Genome Sequences of Human and Chimpanzee
Published Online: 15 JUL 2008
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Gibbs, R. A., Worley, K. C., Kehrer-Sawatzki, H. and Cooper, D. N. 2008. The Sequencing of the Rhesus Macaque Genome and its Comparison with the Genome Sequences of Human and Chimpanzee. eLS. .
- Published Online: 15 JUL 2008
The rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) diverged from the ancestors of Homo sapiens about 25 million years ago. The macaque's genetic and physiological similarity to human is the basis for it becoming the most widely used nonhuman primate in basic and applied biomedical research. The genome sequence of a female rhesus macaque of Indian origin has been determined and compared with the genome sequences of chimpanzee and human. Those studies have revealed the likely structure of ancestral primate genomes and provided evidence both for positive selection and for the lineage-specific expansion and contraction of gene families during primate evolution. The complete description of the macaque genome has greatly increased the utility of this animal model for biomedical research at the same time as improving our understanding of the basic biology of this highly successful species of Old World monkey.
- rhesus macaque genome sequence;
- genomic duplications;
- expansion and contraction of gene families;
- chromosomal rearrangements;
- positive selection;
- human disease orthologues