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Genetic Diversity in the German Population

  1. Michael Krawczak1,
  2. Timothy T Lu1,
  3. Sascha Willuweit2,
  4. Lutz Roewer2

Published Online: 30 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0020801



How to Cite

Krawczak, M., Lu, T. T., Willuweit, S. and Roewer, L. 2008. Genetic Diversity in the German Population. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Institute of Medical Informatics and Statistics, Kiel, Germany

  2. 2

    Charité – Universitätsmedizin, Institut für Rechtsmedizin und Forensische Wissenschaften, Abteilung Forensische Genetik, Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 APR 2008


Throughout most of recent human history, Germany has experienced major demographic transitions that are also reflected by its current population genetic structure. While the Y-chromosomal gene pool appears to be considerably stratified and the mitochondrial genome is highly homogeneous, variation on autosomes and on the X-chromosome both exhibit an intermediate level of heterogeneity between subpopulations.


  • population structure;
  • migration;
  • genetic drift;
  • haplogroup;
  • neolithic diffusion