Genetics and the History of the Basque People
Published Online: 14 MAR 2008
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Alonso, S. 2008. Genetics and the History of the Basque People. eLS. .
- Published Online: 14 MAR 2008
This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 MAR 2013)
The linguistic peculiarity of the Basques raised the expectation that a similar situation could be found at the biological level. Recent debate has focused mainly on two points: the genetic heterogeneity of the Basque population and whether Basques are the best representative population of Palaeolithic Europe. Several lines of evidence indicate that at least some Basque DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) lineages (alleles) have evolved in situ, probably since pre-Neolithic times. In this regard, we must bear in mind that the term ‘Basque’ is a present-day cultural concept and we should be cautious in projecting current cultural affiliations into the past.