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Population Genetics of the Ashkenazim

  1. Marina Faerman

Published Online: 15 JUL 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0020818

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Faerman, M. 2008. Population Genetics of the Ashkenazim. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Hebrew University – Hadassah Faculty of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2008

Abstract

Ashkenazi Jews represent the largest Jewish community and traditionally trace their origin to the ancient Hebrews who lived in the Holy Land over 3000 years ago. Ashkenazi Jews are among the groups most intensively studied by population geneticists. Here, main genetic findings and their implications to the history of Ashkenazim are presented reflecting in a way major developments in population genetics as a discipline. Altogether, Ashkenazi Jews appear as a relatively homogenous population which has retained its identity despite nearly 2000 years of isolation and is closely related to other Jewish communities tracing their common origin to the Middle East.

Keywords:

  • Ashkenazim;
  • classic genetic markers;
  • DNA polymorphisms;
  • RFLPs;
  • mtDNA;
  • Y-chromosomal DNA