Membrane Rafts and Caveolae
Published Online: 15 SEP 2008
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Thomas, C. M. and Smart, E. J. 2008. Membrane Rafts and Caveolae. eLS. .
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2008
The plasma membrane does more than serve as a barrier between the contents of the cell and the extracellular space. It is a highly organized structure which contains fatty acids, cholesterol and a variety of proteins and is functionally important in trafficking cellular signals. The concept of organized structures or domains within the plasma membrane has proven invaluable to understanding how the plasma membrane interacts with the surrounding environment. One class of these domains is lipid rafts which have been shown to organize and regulate signalling platforms. Caveolae are a subset of lipid rafts which contain specific proteins and lipids that aid in the regulation of signalling processes differently from other domains. Purification techniques have made it possible to study the biochemistry of lipid rafts and caveolae and to gain a better understanding of their roles in signal transduction.
- lipid rafts;