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Climate Change Impacts: Vegetation

  1. Martin T Sykes

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0021227



How to Cite

Sykes, M. T. 2009. Climate Change Impacts: Vegetation. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, Lund, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009
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Figure 1. Geographical distribution of the late glacial and postglacial records of beech in Europe. O, Fagus pollen <2% or absent; •, Fagus pollen >2%; Δ, Fagus macrofossil. The grey area corresponds to the modern beech distribution (light grey, Fagus sylvatica; dark grey, Fagus orientalis) (Magri et al., 2006). Reproduced with permission from New Phytologist.

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Figure 2. Regional projections of the residuals from the multiple regression of species loss against growing degree days and moisture availability. Red colours indicate an excess of species loss; grey colours indicate a deficit (Thuiller et al., 2005). Reproduced with permission of (2005) National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A.

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Figure 3. Modelled current (left; averaged for 1961–1990) and future (right; 2071–2100) potential natural vegetation (PNV) in Europe under the BAMBU (IPCC A2) emission scenario, with two climate models (HadCM3, PCM). Top right-hand side: HADCM3 climate model; lower right-hand side: PCM climate model. Reproduced with permission of Hickler T, Vohland K, Costa L et al. 2009 Vegetation on the move – where do conservation strategies have to be re-defined. In: Settele J, Penev L, Georgiev T, Grabaum R, Grobelnik V, Hammen V, Klotz S, and Kühn I (eds) Atlas of Biodiversity Risks – from Europe to the globe, from stories to maps. Sofia & Moscow: Pensoft. In press.