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Young, John Zachary

  1. Fabio De Sio

Published Online: 15 JAN 2014

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0023950



How to Cite

De Sio, F. 2014. Young, John Zachary. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Heinrich Heine Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2014


John Zachary Young (1907–1997) was a British zoologist and anatomist, pioneer of the experimental study of the cellular bases of learning and memory and of British brain science. He discovered the giant axon of the squid, which was to become the most successful experimental model for the study of the nerve impulse mechanism and of the physicochemical properties of neuron membranes. His work on learning and memory in Octopus vulgaris represents one of the earliest attempts of employing simple experimental systems in the study of complex mental functions.


  • brain;
  • learning and memory;
  • invertebrate models;
  • neuroscience;
  • medical education