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Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry in Environmental Analysis

Environment: Water and Waste

  1. Shin-ichi Yamasaki

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a0830

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Yamasaki, S.-i. 2006. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry in Environmental Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

Abstract

The first sections of this article describe a brief history, the basic principles and advantages as well as disadvantages of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) over other analytical techniques commonly used for environmental analysis (see Figure 1). Section 4 is devoted to the discussion of the relative merits and demerits of a wide variety of dissolution techniques and their limitation in the pretreatment of various environmental samples. In section 5, efforts are concentrated on the novel application of ICPMS to such typical environmental samples as water, soil, and biological materials. In the last sections of the article, future perspectives of new ICPMS and related devices are discussed. The topics chosen are high resolution ICPMS, multiple-collector instruments, time-of-flight (TOF) ICPMS, collision cell interface ICPMS, and low-sample consumption nebulizers.