Soil Instrumental Methods
Environment: Water and Waste
Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry
How to Cite
Carter, M., Curtin, D. and Gregorich, E. 2006. Soil Instrumental Methods. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry.
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Instrumental methods play an important role in the analysis of soil material. Soil is composed of mineral, organic, water, and air components. Analytical methods are required that characterize the fitness or quality of soils to perform various functions, such as providing a medium for plant growth, recycling waste products, and regulating and storing water, energy, and nutrients. The objective of this article is to describe the basic concept and approach to laboratory analysis of soil, and to outline the application of techniques used in the analysis of soil quality properties. Emphasis is placed on soil sampling and sample preparation, followed by a description of the possible instrumental methods available for the analysis of the chemical, biochemical, and physical properties of soil.