Standard Article

Hydrocarbons: Gas Chromatography Procedures for On-Line and Off-Line Analysis

Petroleum and Liquid Fossil Fuels Analysis

  1. Christoph Klawun

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a1822

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Klawun, C. 2006. Hydrocarbons: Gas Chromatography Procedures for On-Line and Off-Line Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Applied Automation Inc., Bartlesville, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


The analysis of hydrocarbon mixtures originating from mineral oil sources using gas chromatography (GC) is compiled in this article and a general overview of GC and detectors, including hyphenated instrumentation, is given. The advantages and limitations of GC, as well as multidimensional GC are described in more detail from a standpoint of process GC, and the historical development of chromatography is put into perspective. Comprehensive tables of target analytes and methods offer access to all standard methods published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) for hydrocarbon analysis with GC. Based on these tables, several subtopics are covered: gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons, heteroatom analysis, comprehensive and impurity analysis, natural gases, gasoline and fuel production, polymer feedstocks, hyphenated techniques, and bulk properties.