Chiral Purity in Drug Analysis
Pharmaceuticals and Drugs
Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry
How to Cite
Machida, Y. and Nishi, H. 2006. Chiral Purity in Drug Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
The preparation and evaluation of optically active compounds have become very important for the development of new drugs. The determination of chiral purity of drugs is essential in order to guarantee safety and effectiveness. Isomeric impurities may have unwanted toxicological, pharmacological, or other side-effects. Therefore we decided to prepare an article entitled “Chiral purity in drug analysis”. This article is divided into five sections (introduction, production, regulation, evaluation methods and conclusion). In the introduction, the importance of assessing the isomeric impurities in drug analysis will be discussed. In the second section, production methods for optically active compounds, except the stereoselective synthesis method, will be summarized briefly. In particular, new trends in the production of chiral drugs, such as the simulated moving beds (SMB) method, will be described. In the third section, regulatory perspectives in the USA (Food and Drug Administration (FDA)), EC, and Japan will be described and some regulatory guidelines and guidances by, for example, the FDA, the Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products (CVMP), and the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) will be mentioned. In the fourth section, methods for the determination of stereoisomeric drugs will be summarized. Methods such as gas chromatography (GC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and capillary electrophoresis (CE) have been summarized. The focus will be on direct evaluation methods, i.e. those using chiral stationary phases (CSPs). Practical details for testing a drug's optical purity are also given.