Standard Article

Polar Environments Assessment by Remote Sensing

Remote Sensing

  1. Shusun Li

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a2317

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Li, S. 2006. Polar Environments Assessment by Remote Sensing. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

Abstract

Polar regions are those surrounding the North and South Poles and situated within the Arctic and Antarctic Circles of the Earth. The polar regions are characterized by environments harsh to human and other organisms: low mean annual temperature and long nights and extensive snow and ice cover in winter. Because of the harsh conditions and poor accessibility, assessment of different aspects of the polar environment, such as light, temperature, snow and ice cover, soil and vegetation, largely relies on information acquired by remote sensors, i.e. airborne- and satellite-borne electromagnetic instruments. This article briefly describes how and to what extent polar environmental information is currently derived through remote sensing methods.