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Nuclear Reaction Spectroscopy

Nuclear Methods

  1. Patrick Trocellier1,
  2. Pascal Berger2

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a6208.pub2

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Trocellier, P. and Berger, P. 2009. Nuclear Reaction Spectroscopy. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Service de Recherches de Métallurgie Physique Centre d'Études de Saclay, France

  2. 2

    CEA, IRAMIS, Sis2M, Gif-sur-Yvette, France and CNRS, UMR9956, Laboratoire Pierre Süe, Gif-sur-Yvette, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

Abstract

Among ion-beam-based analytical methods, direct observation of nuclear reactions induced by highly energetic (Me V domain) charged particles is dedicated to quantitative determination of volumic distributions of light elements from Z = 1 (H) to Z = 41 (Ga) in the near surface region of solids. In most cases, discrimination between their isotopes is enabled up to 37Cl. The incident ions are generally protons, deuterons, helium-3, or helium-4 ions. Nuclear reactions induced by heavier ions are rarely used, mostly for hydrogen depth profiling. All these reactions are characterized by the prompt emission of charged particles (protons or helium-4 ions) and/or γ-rays. Nuclear reaction analysis (NRA), performed in ion millibeam or microbeam modes, is an efficient complement to charged-particle-induced X-ray emission, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, and elastic recoil detection methods. Its applications are all intended for either absolute quantification or tracing experiments. They cover a broad panorama from life sciences to cultural heritage artifacts, including metallurgy, Earth sciences, nanotechnology, and material science.

Keywords:

  • accelerator;
  • charged particle spectroscopy;
  • light elements;
  • quantitative analysis;
  • depth profile;
  • proton;
  • deuteron;
  • helium-3;
  • helium-4;
  • differential cross section;
  • elastic scattering;
  • γ-ray spectroscopy;
  • nuclear microprobe;
  • resonance;
  • compound nucleus