Standard Article

Sample Preparation For X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis

X-Ray Spectrometry

  1. Eva Marguí1,
  2. Ignacio Queralt1,
  3. René Van Grieken2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a6806m.pub2

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Marguí, E., Queralt, I. and Van Grieken, R. 2009. Sample Preparation For X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Earth Sciences “Jaume Almera”, Laboratory of X-ray Analytical Applications, CSIC, Barcelona, Spain

  2. 2

    University of Antwerp, Department of Chemistry, Antwerp, Belgium

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (21 DEC 2016)


This article contains a comprehensive review of sample preparation methods for various kinds of samples prior to X-ray measurement. Not only commonly used methods are presented but also some specific techniques for certain kinds of materials are included, with emphasis on more recent applications and developments.


  • X-ray fluorescence spectrometry;
  • sample preparation;
  • solid samples;
  • liquid samples;
  • preconcentration methods