Standard Article

Microwave Techniques

General Articles

  1. Frank Smith1,
  2. Guohua Xiong2

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a8105m

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Smith, F. and Xiong, G. 2006. Microwave Techniques. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada

  2. 2

    Jiujiang Teachers College, Jiujiang, China

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


A concise yet comprehensive review of the use of microwave-assisted techniques for sample preparation in analytical chemistry is presented. A historical review of the development of the field is followed by summaries of the most significant theoretical principles, available instrumentation and safety considerations. The major part of the review concerns recent applications of the techniques to the preparation of a wide range of sample types. These include environmental, soil, biological, clinical, food, pharmaceutical, mineral, ceramic and industrial samples. Examples of microwave-assisted drying and fusion of analytical samples are also given. Throughout, reference is made to the most important review articles. Where appropriate, original papers are summarized and cited.