Standard Article

Pulsed Power Applications with Conductive (Carbon-Loaded) Composite Polymer Electrodes—Requirements and Characterization

Polymers and Rubbers

  1. Bart Roodenburg1,
  2. Sjoerd de Haan1,
  3. Plamen Malchev2,
  4. Telma Leitão3,4,
  5. Eduardo Mendes3,4

Published Online: 15 JUN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a9135

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Roodenburg, B., de Haan, S., Malchev, P., Leitão, T. and Mendes, E. 2010. Pulsed Power Applications with Conductive (Carbon-Loaded) Composite Polymer Electrodes—Requirements and Characterization. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Delft University of Technology, EEMCS, Delft, The Netherlands

  2. 2

    Hoofddorp, Micanti B.V., The Netherlands

  3. 3

    Delft University of Technology, TNW-ChemTech, Delft, The Netherlands

  4. 4

    Dutch Polymer Institute, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUN 2010


Pulsed power (PP) is a technology where energy is released to a load in a short time. Every device using this technology needs electrodes to transfer the electric energy to the load. Recent developments in composite conductive polymers make them suitable as electrodes for new or existing PP applications, where normally metals were used. Composite polymers, consisting of conductive filler and a nonconductive matrix, can solve several specific problems in common and to be developed (PP) applications, due to their ability to conduct current or to store electrical charge, in combination with their elasticity. In general, polymer electrodes behave differently on pulsed stimuli compared to a static load and metal electrodes. An overview of many existing characterization methods and a newly developed technique suited for characterization of conductive polymers for PP applications in particular is described. For three different applications, artificial muscles, cell electroporation, and biofouling prevention, the requirements for the polymer electrodes and specific application-related issues are addressed with examples.


  • pulsed power;
  • conductive polymer;
  • electrode;
  • artificial muscles;
  • cell electroporation;
  • biofouling