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Accelerator Mass Spectrometry of 14C

Nuclear Methods

  1. Takahiro Watanabe,
  2. Fumiko Watanabe Nara

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a9166

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Watanabe, T. and Nara, F. W. 2010. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry of 14C. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. University of Liège, Department of Geology, Liège, Belgium

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

Abstract

The principle of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and its use in analyses of radioisotopes are described. AMS was developed during the latter half of the 1970s. Thereafter, it has been used mainly for microanalyses of long half-life radioisotopes (14C, 10Be, 26Al, 36Cl, 41Ca, 129I, etc.). The AMS finds widespread applications in many research fields, such as nuclear physics, space and earth sciences, medical science, biology, the science of agriculture, materials science, archaeology, and the science of cultural properties.

Keywords:

  • AMS;
  • accelerator mass spectrometry;
  • radioisotopes;
  • radiocarbon;
  • 14C dating;
  • chronology