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Conical Carbon Nanoparticles in Analytical Chemistry

Surfaces

  1. Juan Manuel Jiménez Soto,
  2. Ma Soledad Cárdenas Aranzana

Published Online: 17 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318.a9283

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

How to Cite

Jiménez Soto, J. M. and Aranzana, M. S. C. 2012. Conical Carbon Nanoparticles in Analytical Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry.

Author Information

  1. University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 DEC 2012

Abstract

Conical carbon nanoparticles are a particular form of open carbon nanomaterials. Their typical structure follows from the presence of pentagonal disclinations within a seamless graphene sheet. As a result, two main carbon nanostructures are obtained: carbon nanocones and carbon nanohorns. They were discovered after fullerenes and carbon nanotubes and since then, they have been extensively studied, although their analytical applications are still to be exploited. This contribution compiles the main aspects of conical carbon nanoparticles, including their synthesis and properties as well as the functionalization procedures, which are different from those proposed for other carbon nanoparticles. Finally, the most relevant applications developed up to date are commented on.