Structure and Physiological Role of Ion Channels Studied by Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Published Online: 18 SEP 2013
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Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry
How to Cite
Corry, B., Cranfield, C. G. and Martinac, B. 2013. Structure and Physiological Role of Ion Channels Studied by Fluorescence Spectroscopy. Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. 1–26.
- Published Online: 18 SEP 2013
Fluorescence spectroscopy has, over the last two decades, been frequently used for studies of biological cells and their molecular components. In combination with molecular biological methods that allow introduction of fluorescent labeling in vivo and in vitro, fluorescence spectroscopy methods, such as Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), have made membrane proteins accessible to studies of their molecular structure and dynamics. In this article, we describe a variety of fluorescence spectroscopy techniques and focus on their use in the studies of the physiological role ion channels play, and the conformational rearrangements involved in the gating of ion channels, whose function as gated membrane pores underlies numerous cellular processes essential for the survival of living cells and organisms.