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Agent Technology

  1. John-Jules Ch. Meyer

Published Online: 15 SEP 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse007

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Ch. Meyer, J.-J. 2008. Agent Technology. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. 1–8.

Author Information

  1. Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2008

Abstract

In this article, an overview of agent technology is given. First, the concept of an agent is explained in the introduction, and some characteristics that are often found in the literature are given. Next, the history of the field is outlined, starting with the philosophical background. Then the attempts to formalize the notion of an agent by means of formal logic are explained. Next, the proposals for realizing agents through agent architectures, agent-oriented programming, and software engineering are describe. This section is followed by a description of newer developments, in which multiagent systems are emphasized. The article is concluded with sections on applications and developments.

Keywords:

  • agent technology;
  • artificial intelligence;
  • autonomy;
  • intelligent agent;
  • rational agent;
  • cognitive agent;
  • BDI model of agents;
  • multiagent systems;
  • agent societies;
  • agent communication;
  • agent coordination;
  • e-institutions;
  • normative systems