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Bioinformatics

  1. Tatsuya Akutsu

Published Online: 14 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse042

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Akutsu, T. 2007. Bioinformatics. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. .

Author Information

  1. Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 DEC 2007

Abstract

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary area between biology and computer science. One of the major goals of bioinformatics is to develop methods and tools for analyzing huge amounts of biological data, including genomic sequences, protein structures, and gene expression data, whereas another major goal of bioinformatics is to discover new biological knowledge using such kinds of tools. We focus on the former goal and review important computational problems and computational techniques for solving these problems. In particular, we explain the following topics: pairwise and multiple sequence alignment, hidden Markov models and their applications to bioinformatics, protein structure prediction, kernel methods for bioinformatics, and analysis of gene expression patterns.

Keywords:

  • bioinformatics;
  • computational biology;
  • sequence alignment;
  • hidden markov model;
  • protein;
  • kernel method;
  • support vector machine;
  • gene expression