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Logic Design

  1. Issam W. Damaj

Published Online: 15 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse225

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Damaj, I. W. 2008. Logic Design. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. 1–9.

Author Information

  1. Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2008


Electronic circuits can be separated into two groups, digital and analog circuits. Analog circuits operate on analog quantities that are continuous in value, whereas digital circuits operate on digital quantities that are discrete in value and limited in precision. In practice, most digital systems contain combinational circuits along with memory; these systems are known as sequential circuits. Sequential circuits are of two types: synchronous and asynchronous. In a synchronous sequential circuit, a clock signal is used at discrete instants of time to synchronize desired operations. Asynchronous sequential circuits do not require synchronizing clock pulses; however, the completion of an operation signals the start of the next operation in sequence. The basic logic design steps are generally identical for sequential and combinational circuits; these are specification, formulation, optimization, and the implementation of the optimized equations using a suitable hardware technology. The differences between sequential and combinational design steps appear in the details of each step. The minimization (optimization) techniques used in logic design range from simple (manual) to complex (automated). An example of manual optimization methods is the Karnough map (K-map). Indeed, hardware implementation technology has been growing faster than the ability of designers to produce hardware designs. Hence, there has been a growing interest in developing techniques and tools that facilitate the process of logic design.


  • logic design;
  • combinational logic;
  • sequential logic;
  • gates;
  • gate arrays;
  • Karnough map;
  • logic synthesis;
  • hardware design