Standard Article

Operating Systems: A Business Perspective

  1. Nijaz Bajgoric

Published Online: 16 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse288

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Bajgoric, N. 2009. Operating Systems: A Business Perspective. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. 2045–2059.

Author Information

  1. University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2009


The proliferation of e-business applications and enterprise information systems that use several models of client-server architectures has created the need for a common business perspective of operating systems, particularly server operating systems.

In this article, we propose a framework for studying operating systems for business systems within the concepts of business continuity and continuous computing tehnologies that can be used for enhancing business continuity. The framework first identifies the main attributes of continuous computing and then locates the role of server operating systems and the so-called server operating environment. Server operating systems are expected to have a powerful “business dimension” as a set of features that relate to high availability, reliability, and scalability ratios as today's business has to be resilient and operational on an “always-on” basis. Servers and server operating systems that provide zero downtime or 100% uptime or a solution that is “near it” are of extreme importance for many businesses today.

This article considers server operating systems in a broader sense as a core component of a server operating environment that employs several information technologies in the form of continuous computing technologies for enhancing the levels of continuous computing and business continuity. In addition, the article presents a framework for the selection of enterprise servers and a server operation system from a business continuity perspective.


  • operating system;
  • server;
  • server operating system;
  • server operating environment;
  • downtime;
  • uptime;
  • availability;
  • reliability;
  • scalability;
  • serverware