Standard Article

Women in Computing

  1. Denise Gürer1,
  2. Jennifer Light2,
  3. Christina Björkman3,
  4. Rhian Davies4,
  5. Mark Hancock4,
  6. Anne Condon4,
  7. Annemieke Craig5,
  8. Vashti Galpin6,
  9. Ursula Martin7,
  10. Margit Pohl8,
  11. Sylvia Wiltner8,
  12. M. Suriya9,
  13. Ellen Spertus10,
  14. J. McGrath Cohoon11,
  15. Gloria Childress Townsend12,
  16. Paula Gabbert13

Published Online: 16 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse472

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Gürer, D., Light, J., Björkman, C., Davies, R., Hancock, M., Condon, A., Craig, A., Galpin, V., Martin, U., Pohl, M., Wiltner, S., Suriya, M., Spertus, E., Cohoon, J. M., Townsend, G. C. and Gabbert, P. 2009. Women in Computing. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. 3099–3122.

Author Information

  1. 1

    TerraVert, Scotts Valley, California

  2. 2

    Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

  3. 3

    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden

  4. 4

    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

  5. 5

    Deakin University, Geelong, Australia

  6. 6

    University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

  7. 7

    Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

  8. 8

    Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

  9. 9

    Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, India

  10. 10

    Mills College, San Francisco, California

  11. 11

    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Charlottesville, Virginia

  12. 12

    DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana

  13. 13

    Furman University, Greenville, South Carolina

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2009


The history of computer science is composed mainly of male achievements and involvements, even though women have played substantial roles. Although women are a significant part of computing history, the numbers of women in computing still have yet to reach parity with men. This article covers women's experiences and impact in the computing history of the United States and in several other nations and explores some of the reasons for the disparities between the number of men and women in this field.


  • women in computing;
  • pipeline shrinkage problem;
  • early computing history;
  • gender equality;
  • support;
  • recruitment;
  • retention