Standard Article

Geometric Camera Calibration

  1. Juho Kannala,
  2. Janne Heikkilä,
  3. Sami S. Brandt

Published Online: 13 JUN 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse589

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Kannala, J., Heikkilä, J. and Brandt, S. S. 2008. Geometric Camera Calibration. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. 1–11.

Author Information

  1. University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 13 JUN 2008

Abstract

Geometric camera calibration is a prerequisite for making accurate geometric measurements from image data, and hence it is a fundamental task in computer vision. This article gives a discussion about the camera models and calibration methods used in the field. The emphasis is on conventional calibration methods in which the parameters of the camera model are determined by using images of a calibration object whose geometric properties are known. The presented techniques are illustrated with real calibration examples in which several different kinds of cameras are calibrated using a planar calibration object.

Keywords:

  • camera calibration;
  • camera model;
  • computer vision;
  • photogrammetry;
  • central camera;
  • omnidiractional vision;
  • catadioptivic camera;
  • fish.eye camera