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Information Age

  1. Howard Eisner

Published Online: 16 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470050118.ecse908

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering

How to Cite

Eisner, H. 2009. Information Age. Wiley Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Engineering. 1552–1556.

Author Information

  1. The George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2009

Abstract

The Information Age is a period of time, or era, in which information itself, in its various forms, constitutes a key or dominant ingredient in our delivery of products and services. The Information Age began to emerge in a most serious manner about halfway through the twentieth century, when, for the first time, white collar workers started to outnumber blue collar employees. This newly born and growing Information Age was facilitated, in large measure, by

  • pre-existing successes in telegraphy, telephony, radio, and television;

  • bringing large-scale computers into our businesses, led by IBM;

  • the success of xerography and copying machines, notably by Xerox; and

  • the response to the challenge represented by the 1957 launch of Sputnik by the Russians.

All of the above provided initial fuel for the Information Age engine by proving the importance of information-related technologies and demonstrating their economic value in the marketplace. Two additional and extremely significant sets of events included the refinement and market penetration of

  • the personal computer (PC) along with its resident applications, and

  • connectivity and the Internet.

Keywords:

  • information age;
  • internet;
  • computers;
  • information technologies;
  • telephony;
  • software;
  • education