Abundance: Population Size and Density Estimation
Published Online: 15 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Environmetrics
How to Cite
Udevitz, M. S. and Gould, W. R. 2013. Abundance: Population Size and Density Estimation . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 1.
- Published Online: 15 JAN 2013
Estimates of population size (total number of individuals) or density (number of individuals per unit area) are some of the most basic requirements for wildlife research and management. This article provides a brief overview of approaches for wildlife population estimation. These include habitat-based approaches such as quadrat, line intercept, distance, and repeated count methods, as well as animal-based approaches such as capture–recapture and harvest methods. In contrast to methods that only index changes in these parameters, estimates of size or density must account for the probability that an individual will be included in the sample used for estimation. The essential differences in the approaches are in how the samples are obtained and how the sampling probabilities are estimated.
- distance sampling;
- hierarchical models;
- probability sampling;
- repeated counts