Standard Article

Aquatic Toxicology

Ecological Statistics

  1. A. John Bailer1,
  2. James T. Oris2

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vaa018.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Bailer, A. J. and Oris, J. T. 2013. Aquatic Toxicology . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 1.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Miami University, OH, USA

  2. 2

    Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Water is the key to life, and aquatic toxicology evaluates the potential adverse outcomes associated with exposure to contaminated waters. These adverse outcomes can be observed at all trophic levels and can be framed at differing levels of ecosystem function. Statistical analysis of concentration-response relationships provides one foundation for evaluating the impact of toxicants on aquatic systems and for setting exposure limits to such toxicants. This entry describes stressors on aquatic systems, considers ecosystem impact of stressors, reviews statistical methods that have been used for evaluating these impacts and considers current and future challenges for evaluating aquatic toxicants.


  • stressors;
  • ecosystem impacts;
  • water quality;
  • potency estimation;
  • concentration-response modeling