Standard Article

Monitoring, Biological


  1. Eric P. Smith

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vab022.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Smith, E. P. 2013. Monitoring, Biological . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.

Author Information

  1. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


In the environmental context, biological monitoring refers to the gathering of information on biological organisms to assess the environmental impact or the biological health of the environment. In a strict sense, the term applies to a continuing collection of data used to establish whether explicitly stated quality control conditions are being met. Other terms that are related include biological surveys, assessment, and surveillance. Biological surveys are commonly carried out by national agencies to monitor birds, whales, fish, and other organisms. Volunteer-based surveys are an integral part of biomonitoring.


  • survey;
  • diversity;
  • status and trends;
  • biomoritoring;
  • biological indicator