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Capture–Recapture Sampling Designs

Ecological Statistics

  1. Carl Schwarz

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vac003.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Schwarz, C. 2013. Capture–Recapture Sampling Designs . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 1.

Author Information

  1. Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Good study design is necessary to obtain unbiased and efficient results from capture–recapture (CR) studies. We describe the considerations necessary for successful completion of CR studies. Rather than focusing on analytical issues, we discuss the stochastic processes that give rise to the data derived from such studies. We focus on the attributes of studies necessary to ensure that the assumptions of analyses associated with CR studies are met. We hope to expose investigators to data collection issues associated with classic CR designs, and also to point out novel applications of these designs.


  • capture–recapture;
  • banding models;
  • closed population models;
  • Cormack–Jolly–Seber;
  • exploitation models;
  • multistrata designs