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Catchment Hydrology

Hydrological Processes

  1. B.F.W. Croke,
  2. R.S. Blakers,
  3. R.A. Kelly (Nee Letcher),
  4. A.J. Jakeman

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vac010.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Croke, B., Blakers, R., Kelly (Nee Letcher), R. and Jakeman, A. 2013. Catchment Hydrology . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 1.

Author Information

  1. The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

Abstract

This article examines the role that catchment hydrology plays in modern society: from understanding the behavior of catchments, to providing information for the management of water resources. This is discussed in the context of three classes of hydrological models (empirical, conceptual, and physics-based), and considers the problems faced by hydrologists: scale, heterogeneity, ungauged catchments, and the impact of change (both land use and climate) on catchment response. This article concludes with discussion on the future directions of catchment hydrology, and the challenges that need to be met.

Keywords:

  • surface wate;
  • groundwater;
  • hydrological cycle;
  • watershed;
  • water quality;
  • catchment hydrology;
  • water resource management;
  • ungauged;
  • catchments;
  • scale;
  • heterogeneity;
  • climate change