Stochastic Modeling and Environmental Change
Published Online: 15 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Environmetrics
How to Cite
Esterby, S. R. 2013. Change, Detecting . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 1.
- Published Online: 15 JAN 2013
Fundamental to the assessment of the effect of human activities on the environment is the detection of changes in environmental systems. It may be of interest to detect changes occurring over time, over space, or over both time and space. Although closely linked to the determination of status and the estimation of the size and components of change, detection is the primary consideration here. Methods for detecting change include: (i) graphical methods, exploratory, and more formal; (ii) tests of hypotheses, where the hypothesis characterizes the original status; and (iii) diagnostic tests that detect departures from a specified model. Most methods considered in this article are for changes over a single dimension and will often have been developed for data collected over time. However, such methods will usually be applicable to data collected in one dimension over space. Datasets for which more than one dimension needs to be taken into account generally require more modeling and thus are less often investigated from the detection point of view.
- water quality;
- environmental change;
- time series;
- control chart;
- environmental indicator