Standard Article

Change, Detecting

Stochastic Modeling and Environmental Change

  1. Sylvia R. Esterby

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vac015.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Esterby, S. R. 2013. Change, Detecting . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 1.

Author Information

  1. University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Fundamental to the assessment of the effect of human activities on the environment is the detection of changes in environmental systems. It may be of interest to detect changes occurring over time, over space, or over both time and space. Although closely linked to the determination of status and the estimation of the size and components of change, detection is the primary consideration here. Methods for detecting change include: (i) graphical methods, exploratory, and more formal; (ii) tests of hypotheses, where the hypothesis characterizes the original status; and (iii) diagnostic tests that detect departures from a specified model. Most methods considered in this article are for changes over a single dimension and will often have been developed for data collected over time. However, such methods will usually be applicable to data collected in one dimension over space. Datasets for which more than one dimension needs to be taken into account generally require more modeling and thus are less often investigated from the detection point of view.


  • detection;
  • trend;
  • water quality;
  • environmental change;
  • change-point;
  • time series;
  • control chart;
  • CUSUM;
  • bootstrap;
  • environmental indicator