Standard Article

Databases, Health Assessment

Environmental Health

  1. Ross Darnell

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vad005.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Darnell, R. 2013. Databases, Health Assessment . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 2.

Author Information

  1. CSIRO Mathematics, Informatics and Statistics, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

Abstract

Environmental issues regarding possible environmental pollution links to human and ecological health are becoming more numerous and controversial. The ideal approach to assessing potential health risks from environmental exposure is to conduct well-designed, prospective, environmental, epidemiological studies. However, prospective epidemiological studies are difficult and expensive to undertake, and even retrospective studies can be prohibitively complex. Reliable environmental data are not easy to find and often they may not have been collected in a manner that makes them easy to use. The availability of data increases the risk of identifying single units using increasingly powerful search engines by ill-intentioned users. The increasing public availability of health and environmental data raises the risk of identifying individuals, forcing data owners to develop techniques to reduce this risk.

Keywords:

  • environmental data;
  • environmental information disclosure;
  • record linkage;
  • imputation;
  • data mining