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Disease Mapping

Environmental Health

  1. Lance A. Waller

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vad026.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Waller, L. A. 2013. Disease Mapping . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 2.

Author Information

  1. Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

Abstract

Maps of disease reveal patterns of incidence and prevalence. Such patterns often suggest possible associations between disease and potential risk factors mapped over the same area. We briefly review the historical use of maps in the study or disease and classify different types of geographic data available (geostatistical, point, and lattice data). For each data type, we outline the analytic methods available and the types of questions the methods can address.

Keywords:

  • geography;
  • spatial statistics;
  • geostatistics;
  • spatial point processes;
  • small area estimation