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Forecasting, Environmental

Stochastic Modeling and Environmental Change

  1. Peter C. Young1,2,
  2. Diego J. Pedregal3

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vaf007

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Young, P. C. and Pedregal, D. J. 2006. Forecasting, Environmental. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Lancaster University, UK

  2. 2

    Australian National University College of Medicine, Biology & Environment, Canberra, Australia

  3. 3

    Universidad de Castilla la Mancha, spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
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Figure 1. Atmospheric CO2 measured at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, 1958–2000 (after Young [25]).

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Figure 2. (a) Flow and (b) hourly rainfall series for the River Hodder at Hodder Place in North West England (after Young and Tomlin [33]).

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Figure 3. Two-year interpolation (a) and three-year-ahead forecasting (b) results for the Mauna Loa CO2 series (after Young [25]).

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Figure 4. FIS decomposition, interpolates and forecasts of the Mauna Loa CO2 series: 12 month component (a); 6 month harmonic (b); low frequency random component (c: see text); and residual component (d) (after Young [25]).

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Figure 5. Long-term forecast of the Mauna Loa CO2 series, showing only the last five years for clarity (after Young [25]).

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Figure 6. Four-hour-ahead forecasts of the flow in the River Hodder at Hodder Place based on rainfall measurements (after Young and Tomlin [33]).