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Forest Health Monitoring

Natural Resources and Agriculture

  1. Nicole H. Augustin

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vaf012.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Augustin, N. H. 2013. Forest Health Monitoring . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 3.

Author Information

  1. Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Bath, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Forest health monitoring (FHM) focuses on the health of the forest ecosystem. Recognition of the importance of forest health and, especially, the role of monitoring, increased with the acceptance of the Santiago Declaration. The declaration was accompanied by a set of criteria and indicators for the conservation and sustainable management of temperate and boreal forests. The criteria focus on conservation of biological diversity, maintenance of productive capacity, maintenance of forest ecosystem health, conservation of soil and water resources within forests, maintenance of forest contribution to global carbon cycles, and enhancement of long-term multiple socioeconomic benefits to meet the needs of societies. The declaration calls for quantitative measurements of indicators associated with the criteria. The periodic and systematic measurement of the indicators requires nations to have FHM programs.


  • air pollution;
  • climate change;
  • ecosystem monitoring;
  • environmental monitoring;
  • forestry;
  • spatial sampling;
  • forest health monitoring;
  • forest health modeling;
  • carbon cycle;
  • environmental sampling