Standard Article

Frontier Model

Ecological Statistics

  1. Eduardo Ley

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vaf018.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Ley, E. 2013. Frontier Model . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 3.

Author Information

  1. The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Frontier models in econometrics are used to construct reference technologies to make inferences about production activities. A similar frontier specification is proposed to make inferences in the context of landscape ecology–when studying the tolerance of wild animals to human settlements.


  • econometrics;
  • landscape ecology;
  • maximum likelihood;
  • tapir;
  • habitat fragmentation;
  • extinction;
  • mammalian persistence models