Standard Article

Intercropping, Statistical Issues In

Natural Resources and Agriculture

  1. Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor, Emeritus Walter T. Federer

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vai013

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Federer, W. T. 2006. Intercropping, Statistical Issues In. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 2.

Author Information

  1. Cornell University, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


Intercropping is defined as the simultaneous or sequential growing of more than one crop on the same area of land. It may involve intermixing the plants of the crops, growing them in alternate rows, or growing them sequentially through time. When dealing with a cropping system, it is necessary to study the response for each component of the mixture (when available) as well as for the combined data for the mixture. This will involve statistical procedures not found in standard statistics textbooks. A popular statistical procedure for analyzing results from experiments involving several intercropping treatments is a relative yield ratio or land equivalent ratio (LER). The yields of the individual crops in a mixture need to be available in order to compute a LER. An LER is defined as the sum of the ratios of the yield of the ith crop in a mixture to its yield as a sole crop.