Standard Article

Multiple Outcomes

Environmental Health

  1. Julie Legler

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vam044

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Legler, J. 2006. Multiple Outcomes. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.

Author Information

  1. National Cancer Institute, MD, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


It has long been recognized that many environmental exposures do not affect a single, well-defined outcome, but rather induce subtle effects on a host of outcomes. Focusing on a single outcome can be inefficient therefore global tests provide an opportunity for analyzing multiple outcomes using methods that are more efficient and relevant to the overall question of interest in environmental studies.