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Multistage Design

Ecological Statistics

  1. Mary C. Christman

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vam046.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Christman, M. C. 2013. Multistage Design . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.

Author Information

  1. University of Florida, Department of Statistics, Gainesville, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Multistage sampling designs are probability based sampling strategies for obtaining more information about a population with less cost than would be possible under a single stage design. Examples of such approaches include ranked set sampling, double sampling for stratification, and multistage cluster sampling. In all cases a first stage sample is selected, e.g. a set of randomly selected transects through a habitat, and subsequently a subset of observations from this initial sample, e.g. observations at randomly selected locations along the transects, are selected for data collection.


  • cluster sampling;
  • double sampling;
  • two-stage sampling;
  • ranked set sampling;
  • subsampling