Statistical and Numerical Computing
Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Environmetrics
How to Cite
Hand, D. J. 2006. Neural Network. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Feed-forward neural networks are highly parameterized nonlinear models for function estimation. They had their origins in the 1960s, as the electronic revolution led to widely available computers. They originated in work on models of the brain (hence the name) but before long their potential for adaptive learning and updating was driving the research. Nowadays by far the greater part of both research and application is concerned with their potential as mathematical and computational tools for prediction, regardless of how well they model the ways in which biological brains may perform similar tasks.