Standard Article

Spatial Design, Optimal

Spatial and Temporal Modeling and Analysis

  1. Dale L. Zimmerman

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vao010.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Zimmerman, D. L. 2013. Spatial Design, Optimal . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 5.

Author Information

  1. University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

Abstract

Statistical inferences from spatial data are affected substantially by the spatial configuration of the sites where those data are observed. Thus, it is natural to try to select a configuration that optimizes, in some sense, the quality of the desired inference(s). This article lays out the classical framework for optimal model-based spatial sampling design. Prediction error variance design criteria are featured, but optimality criteria for estimating model parameters are also mentioned. Optimal designs may be built “from scratch” or by expanding or contracting an existing design.