Outcome-Dependent Selection Models
Published Online: 15 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Environmetrics
How to Cite
Ding, J., Eva Lu, T.-s. and Zhou, H. 2013. Outcome-Dependent Selection Models . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.
- Published Online: 15 JAN 2013
An outcome-dependent selection (ODS) is a retrospective sampling scheme where one observes the environmental exposure/covariates with a probability that depends on the observed outcome values. By allowing the selection probability of each individual to depend on the outcome variable, ODS design can reduce the cost of the study and improve the efficiency. The case-control study and case-cohort study in epidemiology are well-known examples of ODS schemes. We review recent advances in research on ODS designs with a continuous response. This includes inferences on more sophisticated designs with survival data, clustered/longitudinal data, two-stage ODS design, and outcome and auxiliary-dependent (OADS) schemes.